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安省保守党政府全面审核安省区政府的效率
Queens Park reviews Ontario reginal governments



 
过去几个月来一直有传言,称安省的保守党政府将对省内的区政府进行审核。果然,2019年1月15日,保守党政府宣布了这一措施。审查的目的是要决定安省的8个区政府和1个县政府对当地的居民和公司的服务是否有效和负责。

For months now, there has been rumours that the Ontario PC government will be initiating a review of Regional Governments. Sure enough, the Ontario government announced a review on January 15, 2019. The objective is to examine and determine whether the governments in 8 Regional municipalities and 1 county are efficient and accountable to their residents and businesses.
 
在安省444个城市中,这些区政府覆盖了82个行政级别较低的城市。审核的区政府和县为:Halton,York,Durham,Waterloo,Niagara,Peel,Muskoka District,Oxford County和Simcoe County。

There are 82 lower-tier municipalities covered under these Regional Governments under review out of 444 Ontario municipalities. The identified Regional Governments are: Halton, York, Durham, Waterloo, Niagara, Peel, Muskoka District, Oxford County, and Simcoe County. 

 
大多数人都可以说出加拿大的三级政府,即联邦,省和市政府。但实际上,市政府有两级行政机构,而区政府一般不被人们认为是市级政府。在安大略省,区政府有大约50年的历史。它们建立在人口密集的地区,集中提供包括供水,紧急服务和垃圾管理等方面的市政服务,其管辖的地区内有多个市政府。

Most people can identify the 3 levels of governments in Canada – Federal, Provincial, and Municipal.  In reality, there are two levels of municipal governments - the Regional Governments are conveniently forgotten. In Ontario, the Regional Governments have a history of about 50 years. They were established in highly populated areas to provide centralized services such as water, emergency services, and waste management (just to name a few) over an area encompassing more than one local municipality.

区政府的概念最初是好的,因为每个小城市都不需要在城市基础设施上花费资金来为居民提供基本的服务。区政府里的中心城市将照顾其他许多城市,大家一起共享基建的费用。区政府管辖的区域可以进行整体和远景规划,如果区内城市之间有矛盾,区政府可以出面调解。

The initial concept of regional government is good since each of the small municipalities will not need to spend capital costs on infrastructures to provide basic services to its residents. Strategically located centres will look after many municipalities with costs shared by all. Visions and overall development planning can be controlled by the Region and it becomes the arbitrator when conflict of interests between municipalities surface.

 
不幸的是,随着区内一些城市的发展壮大,这些城市自己建立了与区政府平行的、重复的部门来提供当地的服务需求。这些平行的市政部门都要花高薪聘请公务员和监理。结果是监理越来越多,有些监理为了自己,不断增加部门的预算,从而进一步加大区政府的运作成本。

Unfortunately, as some of the municipalities start to grow and expand, they create duplicated departments similar to their Regional government providing auxiliary services to meet immediate local needs. Therefor, addition of staff members and supervisors commanding high salaries. With more supervisors come more fiefdoms built to satisfy personal egos for bigger departmental budgets thus further increase the cost of Regional Governments.

拿约克区政府为例,它抽走了区内各个市的大部分地税。例如,万锦市50%多的地税被抽走。与此同时,约克区政府2017年的累计总债务已经达29亿元。另外,约克区还雇用了3500名全职公务员给 奥罗拉镇,东格威林伯里镇,乔治娜镇, 国王镇,万锦市,Newmarket镇,Richmond Hill市,Vaughan市和Whitchurch-Stouffville镇的110万居民提供服务。

For York Region, it collects a hefty percentage of all property taxes paid to its municipalities. For example, over 50% from the City of Markham. At the same time, it has accumulated a total debt of $2.9 billion as of 2017. It also employs 3500 full time employees to look after its 1.1 million residents under the following municipalities – Town of Aurora, Town of East Gwillimbury, Town of Georgina, Township of King, City of Markham, Town of Newmarket, Richmond Hill, City of Vaughan, and Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville.

 
安省政府对区政府的审核由芬恩和塞林两人担任特别顾问。他们将在未来几个月内听取大众意见,并提供如何改进城市管理,市政决策和提供服务方面的建议。安省市政和住房厅长克拉克说:“安省政府将改善地方政府的工作方式,将研究如何把纳税人的钱用在实处,让居民和企业更容易获得重要的市政服务。”

The Ontario review of Regional Governments is headed by Michael Fenn and Ken Seiling as Special Advisors. These two advisors will consult broadly over the coming months and provide recommendations to improve governance, decision-making and service delivery. “The Ontario government is committed to improving the way regional government works and we will be looking at ways to make better use of taxpayers' dollars and make it easier for residents and businesses to access important municipal services,” said Steve Clark, Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing.

芬恩曾在三位省长下面担任过副厅长,塞林曾33年担任滑铁卢区的区主席。 芬恩曾是安省交通管理局Metrolinx和Mississauga Halton区医疗署的首位执行官。

Michael Fenn is a former deputy minister under three premiers, and Ken Seiling, a former chair of Waterloo Region for 33 years. Fenn is the founding CEO of the regional transportation authority Metrolinx as well as the regional health authority Mississauga Halton.

 
安政府预计初夏会完成审核报告。然而,许多政治观察家已经在质疑这种全面而迅速的审核是否会现实,特别是在如此短暂的时间完成这么大的任务。

The Ontario Government expects the results of the review in early summer. However, many political observers are already questioning if such a sweeping and quick review will be effective, especially given the short time frame to work on such a huge task.

下一周,我们将根据政界的各种猜测和信息,探讨一些可能的审核结果。

Next time, we will explore some of the possible outcomes based on various speculations and information coming out of the political circles.

 

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