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美国对华为提出新的多项指控,包括盗窃商业机密及敲诈





(大中报/096.ca综合讯):根据环球邮报的报道,2月13日周四,美国检察官在针对中国智能手机制造商华为的银行欺诈案中,增加了商业秘密盗窃的新指控,进一步加剧了美国与这家全球最大电信设备制造商之间的斗争。

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新的起诉书取代了去年的起诉书。13日,美国司法部在纽约布鲁克林的联邦法院提起诉讼,指控华为串谋窃取六家美国科技公司的商业机密。

另外,指控还包含有关该公司参与伊朗和朝鲜等受制裁国家的新指控。 美国参议院情报委员会主席Richard Burr和副主席Mark Warner在一份联合声明中说:“起诉书描绘了一个不顾及法律的非法组织。共和党和民主党参议员称其为“打击华为这个国有企业和犯罪企业的重要一步。”

根据BBC的报道,根据司法部的声明,华为有三大手法来盗取知识产权,一是违反与知识产权持有者建立的保密协议,二是雇用其他公司的雇员从而获取他们前雇主的知识产权,三是通过在科研机构工作的教授等代理人取得专利技术。华为还涉嫌建立一个奖金制度,奖赏从竞争对手中获得秘密资讯的雇员。

检察官说,华为还被指控对其他公司挖墙脚,从这些公司获取知识产权,并利用研究机构的教授岗位获取技术。该公司还利用代理人,包括研究机构的教授来窃取知识产权。

华为对此拒绝置评。

此前,美国已指控华为违反对伊朗的出口制裁规定。在最新的指控书中,美国称华为子公司Skycom协助伊朗政府监控国民,包括在2009年德黑兰爆发一系列示威期间。

指控书说,华为与子公司违反美国、欧盟及联合国对伊朗和朝鲜制裁,华为还企图掩盖违反制裁规定的行为。华为通过当地关联人将货物运输到受制裁的国家,由于这些交易敏感,华为内部文件中用代码来代替这些国家名称。譬如,“A2”代表的是伊朗,“A9”指的则是朝鲜。

华为与Skycom的关系一直处在风口浪尖上。美国指控华为掩盖Skycom为其子公司的事实,利用Skycom与伊朗保有生意往来,对汇丰银行隐瞒这一事实,构成银行诈欺行为。华为则称,从未欺瞒母公司与Skycom的关系。



华为除了面临新指控外,还可能需要面对更严苛的出口限制。

2月12日,根据美国政治新闻媒体Politico的报道,美国国防部同意对华为施加更严格的出口限制。

川普政府在去年5月将华为列入名为“实体清单”的出口黑名单,美国企业要得到政府的许可才能与华为有商业往来。

在目前的规定之下,在美国以外国家生产、25%设备来自美国的产品可出口至实体清单上的公司,其中包括华为及其子公司海思半导体有限公司。而新规将把“美国来源”的比例门槛降到10%。

美国商务部首先提出了这一提议,国防部本因担忧此举会打击美国半导体公司而对此有所保留。华为是多家美国半导体企业的重要合作伙伴,切断与其的生意往来或会减少它们的科研经费。

Politico的报道指,美国商务部长罗斯、国防部长埃斯珀与财政部长姆努钦将在2月28日举行会议,讨论更新这一限制及其他对华出口限制的议题。




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