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中英对照:穆斯林家庭的惨遭杀害促使华人社区审视种族歧视思潮
Horrific murder of Muslim family prompts Canadians to reexamine racism in our backyard



 
在安省伦敦的一个平静轻松的傍晚,一辆汽车撞倒正在街上悠闲散步的穆斯林5口之家,导致4口人即刻丧命黄泉。作为袭击目标的这一穆斯林家庭是普通加国移民,他们通过其血汗和辛劳在移民国度加拿大建立了一份新生活。而不幸的是,他们虔诚的伊斯兰教信仰使他们沦为这场令人发指之罪行的受害者。这一极为恐怖的仇恨犯罪让举国震惊,促使加国人士重新审视自身存在的种族主义和伊斯兰恐怖思潮。
 
A vehicle rammed into a Muslim family of five as they were strolling on the street in a peaceful and relaxing evening in London, Ont.,  killing four family members instantly. The victims in the attack were hardworking immigrants who had established a new life in the adopted country Canada through blood, sweat, and tears. Unfortunately, they succumbed to the horrible crime just because they devoted themselves to the Islam religion. The hate-motivated violence has shocked the nation to the core, prompting Canadians to re-examine Islamophobia and racisms in our backyard.

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种族主义在加国有着深远的根源,而加国的多元文化可为种族主义和仇恨犯罪的温床。穆斯林一族为加国仇恨犯罪和种族歧视的首选目标族裔之一。据2020年公布的“加拿大的伊斯兰恐怖症报告”信息,2015年以来,反穆斯林暴力事件在加国不断上升,以2017年魁北克的伊斯兰文化中心发生的乱枪射击恐怖事件最令人发指。伴随着日益上升的针对伊斯兰社区的恐怖行动是加国人士中广泛存在反伊斯兰情绪,对伊斯兰的恐怖,憎恨和敌意心态在越来越多的加国人士中蔓延。2020年报告还显示,46%的加国人士对伊斯兰教持负面看法,52%的加国人士称他们对穆斯林社区人士的信任度极低,甚至完全不信任穆斯林人士。
 
Racism has deep roots in multicultural country Canada, and the country’s rich ethnic diversity can be a breeding ground for racism and hate crimes. Muslims are one of the leading races subject to racial discrimination and hate violence in the country. Anti-Muslim violence has soared in Canada since 2015, according to the 2020 report “Islamophobia in Canada”, with the shooting rampage in Islamic Cultural Center in Quebec in 2017 marking the most heinous terrorist attack against Muslims in Canada. Associate with the growing violence targeting the Muslim community was the anti-Muslim sentiments among Canadians, with fear, hatred, and hostility towards Muslims gripping a growing number of Canadians. The 2020 report has found that 46% of Canadians have an unfavorable view of Islam, and even more Canadians (52%) feel that Muslims can only be trusted “a little” or “not at all”. 
 
但伊斯兰恐惧症不仅仅限于信奉白人至上之群体,它也是华人社区近年来不断增长的反伊斯兰浪潮的驱动因素。中国大陆严厉打击伊斯兰社区浪潮此起彼伏,而许多来自大陆的新移民对穆斯林持有根深蒂固的仇恨和恐惧。他们对特鲁多向穆斯林难民敞开国门的移民政策不满,而当一名来自叙利亚难民被认定为谋杀卑诗省13岁的华裔女孩申小雨的肇事者后,华社对穆斯林族裔的偏见达到高潮。
 
But Islamophobia was not limited to white supremacy groups, and it was also the driving factor for a growing anti-Muslim sentiment in the Chinese community in recent years. Hailing from a country where a harsh crackdown on Muslims sweeps through, many newcomers from China held deep-seated fear and hatred towards Muslims. They frowned upon Trudeau’s immigration policies that embraced refugees from Muslim countries, and their prejudice against the racial group reached a boiling point when a Syrian refugee was found responsible for the death of Marrisa Shen, a 13-year-old Chinese Canadian girl from B.C.
 
这起谋杀案引发了加拿大华人社区对穆斯林的广泛恐慌情绪,以致使整个穆斯林难民群体蒙受阴影。而事实上,绝大多数穆斯林难民都是在逃离了战争与创伤之后来到加国寻求一份和平独立的生活的。但反穆斯林分子利用社交媒体表达心中的愤怒和不满,使用贬损之词,亵渎之语对其进行攻击,并视整个穆斯林社区为恐怖主义的发源地。11岁的穆斯林女孩误指一名中国男子剪掉了她的头巾事件在华人社区掀起了又一轮对穆斯林发起的猛烈攻击。加国各地华人走上街头,高举“今日骗局,明日恐怖”的标语。
 
The murder incident sparked a widespread terror towards Muslims in the Chinese community that had cast a shadow on all Muslim refugees in the country – the vast majority of whom have left the trauma and war behind to pursue a peaceful and productive life in Canada. The anti-Muslim elements took to social media to express anger, using derogatory name-calling to insult Muslims and profanity-laden terms to label the entire Muslim community as the source of terrorism. The hijab-cutting story, where an 11-year-old Muslim girl falsely alleged that a Chinese man assaulted her, had sparked another wave of virulent backlash against Muslims. Chinese Canadians took on the streets across the country, carrying signs that announced “Hoax Today, Horror Tomorrow.”

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这些反穆斯林的抗议活动助长了伊斯兰恐怖症在加国的蔓延,也进一步加剧了加国种族主义的泛滥,而这一种族主义是可使任何一族裔沦为受害者和打击对象。据加拿大统计局信息,新冠疫情改变了加国种族犯罪模式,随着“中国病毒“之说甚嚣尘上,针对华裔的仇恨犯罪也不断上升。据某倡导组织提供的信息,在疫情期间,加国针对华裔的种族仇恨性犯罪在疫情期间高达1000多起,从向受害者吐痰到对老人和小孩进行人身骚扰等应有尽有。在惨遭杀害的穆斯林家庭引起加国对穆斯林偏见思潮的反思之时,加国华人社区也该从受害者角度审视自身的种族歧视行为。
 
These Anti-Muslim protests played into Islamophobia stereotypes in Canada, further perpetuating racism that may put any minority race in the crosshairs. According to StatsCan, the pandemic has reshaped the crime pattern in Canada, with hate crimes against Chinese Canadians on the rise as China virus rhetoric gained momentum. A new report from an advocacy group has revealed over 1000 cases of racially motivated attacks targeting Asians across the country during the pandemic, from spitting at victims to physically assaulting seniors and children. As Canadians grapple with anti-Muslim bias in the aftermath of Muslim family murder, prejudiced Chinese Canadians should review their racism and its implications through victim lenses. 

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