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渥太华将数千万的联邦补贴送到商业大佬的囊中 被忽视的加拿大弱势群体却度日如年(观点)
Opinion: Millions of CEWS money flown to corporate elites haunts low-income Canadians


联邦政府推出的最昂贵的疫情补贴计划向500多万家企业提供了$1000亿元的工资补贴款项。但该计划的相当一部分资金却未能起到帮助深陷困境企业支付工资或保住职工饭碗的作用,而是流向了疫情间脑满肠肥的盈利公司。这笔资金的滥用给未来经济带来严重影响,使数百万的工薪阶层和那些为维持生计而苦苦挣扎的人们面临高通胀和利率飙升的双重打击。

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CEWS, the costliest pandemic relief program, sent over $100 billion in payments to over 5 million businesses – including 388 publicly traded companies. However, a significant portion of the spending flew into profitable companies rather than helping struggling organizations cover wage expenses and preserve jobs. The misuse of the funds has substantial adverse impacts on the economy down the road, leaving millions of working-class people and those struggling to make ends meet to face the double whammy of high inflation and soaring interest rates.

加国审计总长的报告显示,一些大公司如何滥用联邦资金并将其变成摇钱树,其状况令人极度不安。尽管该计划规定的满足条件为收入降幅达 30% 以上,许多接受补贴者——包括加拿大企业界的大公司、对冲基金和大型基金管理公司均在 2021 年第二和第三季度实现了收入增长。 随着渥太华放宽可标准并忽略了接受者承受暂时低迷的能力,接受政府资助的公司数量激增。





The Auditor General's report paints a disturbing picture of how some big corporations abused federal funds and turned them into cash cows. Many receiving the subsidies – including big names in corporate Canada, hedge funds, and large money managers -- saw income growth in the second and third quarters of 2021, despite the program's eligibility requirement of an over 30% drop in revenue. Companies receiving the free handouts surged as Ottawa relaxed the edibility criteria and ignored the recipients' abilities to absorb a temporary downturn.

在 1007 亿元的 CREWS 款项中,有 155 亿元流向了收入未曾大幅下降的公司并填肥了这些企业的利润。 至少有 68 家加拿大上市公司在拿 CEWS 的同时向股东支付了50 亿元的股息,简直就是纳税人直接给股东们付款。获得了 5230 万元CEWS的TFI公司 在 2020 年两次提高股息,向股东支付了6700 万元以上的股息。 更令人震惊的是,一些公司的高管通过更改奖金规则和裁员来保护自己的利益,从而使 2020 年收入比 2019 年多高出 17.1 万元。



$15.5 billion, out of $100.7 billion CREWS payments, flew into businesses that did not suffer a significant drop in revenue and padded their bottom line. At least 68 publicly traded Canadian companies paid more than $5 billion in dividends while receiving CEWS, resulting in taxpayers directly subsidizing payments to shareholders. TFI hiked its dividend twice in 2020, paying out more than $67 million to shareholders while receiving $52.3 million in CEWS. High Liner Foods -- a $3.4 million CEWS recipient, increased its dividend by 40 percent, citing "improving free cash flow." More shockingly, the top executives of some companies raked in $171000 more in 2020 than in 2019 by changing the bonus rules and laying-off workers to protect their interests.

数十亿元的过度联邦补贴使股票投资激增,并肥了企业高管的腰包,刺激了导致通货膨胀肆虐的奢侈支出。 丰业银行的报告称,政府支持计划占导致通胀因素的 12%,并使加息幅度上升了1.25% 。

The billions of excessive federal subsidies helped surge stock portfolios and further enriched the top corporate brasses, enabling the lavish spending that drove the inflation rampage. The Scotiabank report said the government support programs accounted for 12% of the increase in inflation and were responsible for up to 1.25% of the ongoing interest rate hikes.



富人的过度消费而受伤害最大的是处于最低收入阶层的群体。 许多低收入家庭因食品价格飙升而遭受财务危机,其2022 年年度食品支出比上一年增加 1000 元,并且上升趋势将持续于2023 年。同时,快速上升的利率已经动摇 了个人财务状况,给负债累累的家庭带来严重的财务压力。 随着家庭偿债率上升至 14% 并持续上升,许多家庭面临着不断飙升的抵押贷款账单和家庭净资产额暴跌。

Taking the brunt of damages exacerbated by the riches' excessive spending is the group on the lowest income ladder. Many low-income households experienced a cost-of-living crisis as grocery bills skyrocketed, with typical annual expenses in 2022 increasing more than $1000 over the previous year and the rising trend to continue in 2023. Meanwhile, the rapidly rising interest rate has put a severe financial strain on debt-laden households. With the household debt service ratio increasing to 14% and continuing upward, many families face soaring mortgage bills and plunging household net worth.



财务噩梦让许多为维持生计而苦苦挣扎的家庭入不敷出,甚至不得不孤注一掷以求生存,许多家庭暂停退休储蓄并取消孩子的教育基金。 保守党领袖皮埃尔·普瓦利耶 (Pierre Poilievre) 质问称,为什么(自由党)总是把从穷人口袋里敛财并拱手送给富人?

The financial nightmare leaves many families struggling to make ends meet resorting to desperate measures to survive, including pausing savings for their retirement and canceling kids' education fund. Wealthy executives at profitable companies pocketed the cash at the expense of Canadian people, said Conservative Leader Pierre Poilievre." "Why do they always take from the have-nots and give to the have-yachts?"



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